1. The field must be described by its color with the pattern an additional component (e.g. per pale, per chevron).
- If the field is divided up, one starts descriptions at the chief dexter side and describing the quarter's base sinister counterpart.
- The first and third quadrants' tincture is more important that the second and fourth quadrants' tincture.
2. The principal charge is the next to be described.
- If it is in reference to the field being divided up in an ordinary, the field is said first, then the ordinary and its color (e.g. Or, a chevron gules).
- If a charge accompanies the ordinary the field is said, then the ordinary, then the charge description (e.g. Or, a fess gules between two crescents sable).
3. The rest of the charges would be described next without too much additional information on positioning due to the ordinary.
- Charges would be described with position following (in chief, a rampant lion).
(Fox-Davies & Stroehl, 1904, p. 58).